Green Horizon Farms
Submitted by saradaps on 12/11/2012 12:50:26 PM
Views : 6201
This is an integrated farming consisting of
1. Agriculture like paddy, pulses, groundnuts and sugarcane
2. Horticulture like papaya, banana and vegetables
Brief description of the promoter
The promoter’s husband owns about 30 acres of land. The promoter having bought the land since last December 2009, the land is used for agriculture purpose. Additionally she has leased around 17 acres of land near Bhubaneswar (Phulnakhara) since last four years, has extensively used the leased land for traditional farming practices like fishery, paddy farming, corn cultivation and vegetable cultivation and in the process she has gained considerable firsthand experience on agriculture by doing so. The promoter has also visited several farms both inside and outside the state mostly in Andhra Pradesh and Tamilnadu and interacted with the farmers to gain experience. She has also taken guidance from scientists from OUAT, BBSR and other local agriculture officers at District Agriculture Officer’s office at Nayagarh, before deciding to go for the project. She being well educated and akin to new technology has also extensively used the internet as connecting media to interact with other progressive farmers, not only from India from foreign country like USA, so as to be enlightened by their vast experience. She has undertaken the integrated farming project which would have a balance of animal husbandry, Agriculture and horticulture projects. Also in horticulture she has planned a balance of short term and long term crops so as to be able to get an annual return on the amount invested without much gestation period.
INTEGRATED FARMING SYSTEM
At present, the farmers concentrate mainly on crop production which is subjected to a high degree of uncertainty in income and employment to the farmers. In this contest, it is imperative to evolve suitable strategy for augmenting the income of a farm.
Integration of various agricultural enterprises viz., cropping, animal husbandry, fishery, forestry etc. have great potentialities in the agricultural economy. These enterprises not only supplement the income of the farmers but also help in increasing the family labour employment.
1. The integrated farming system approach introduces a change in the farming techniques for maximum production in the cropping pattern and takes care of optimal utilization of resources.
2. The farm wastes are better recycled for productive purposes in the integrated system.
3. A judicious mix of agricultural and horticulture enterprises with dairy, poultry, fishery etc. suited to the given agro-climatic conditions and socio-economic status of the farmers would bring prosperity in the farming.
Advantages of Integrated Farming System
• Higher food production to equate the demand of the exploding population of our nation
• Increased farm income through proper residue recycling and allied components
• Sustainable soil fertility and productivity through organic waste recycling
• Integration of allied activities will result in the availability of nutritious food enriched with protein, carbohydrate, fat, minerals and vitamins
• Integrated farming will help in environmental protection through effective recycling of waste from animal activities like dairy, poultry and goat rearing
• Reduced production cost of components through input recycling from the byproducts of allied enterprises
• Regular stable income through the products like egg, milk, vegetables and fruits items from the linked activities in integrated farming
• Inclusion of biogas & agro forestry in integrated farming system will solve the prognosticated energy crisis
• Cultivation of fodder crops as intercropping and as border cropping will result in the availability of adequate nutritious fodder for animal components like milch cow, goat and sheep
• Firewood and construction wood requirements could be met from the agroforestry system without affecting the natural forest
• Avoidance of soil loss through erosion by agro-forestry and proper cultivation of each part of land by integrated farming
• Generation of regular employment for the farm family members of small and marginal farmers.
The land at Bedangi, near Khalisahee, Khandapasa is located at a latitude of nearly 200 29’ North and a longitude of 850 14’ east. Please refer following link for land location:
One can reach project location at Baniataila farmland by road as it has a very good approach. From Bhubaneswar, except 1 Km (approximately) of approach road the entire road is black top road.
The farmland is near to Khandapada. One can reach Khandapada from Bhubaneswar via Khurda, Baghamari and Bhapur. The farmland is located on Khandapada to Khalisahee, Dashapalla road. The distance from Bhubaneshwar to farmland is approximately 90Kms and it can be reached by two hours run by car.
Khandapada was one of the princely states that merged in Orissa after independence on 1st January 1948 and formed a part of the district of Puri, Recently after reconstitution of districts following an increase in the number of districts, it is located in the district of Nayagarh at a distance of nearly 20 kms from the district headquarter. All-weather road or black-top road is connected to the site ensuring easy transportation of animals, inputs and the produce.
The climatic conditions of the area are tropical with temperature ranging from 15-200 Celsius in winter to 35-420 Celsius in summer. The place being close to the coast i.e. aerial distance of about 75 kms gets good rainfall in rainy season during south west monsoon (900 to 1500 mm) and gets a very dry summer the climate being very suitable for horticultural crops like mango, guava, pomegranate, pineapple, banana, papaya etc. Further the area being secluded place it is most suitable for animal husbandry units like poultry, dairy and goatery farming.
The soil is of deep and well drained Red sandy loam type having a Ph of 5.5 to 7.5 which is suitable for the horticultural crops proposed to be cultivated. The area being a land situated in a valley there is no chance of water stagnation during the heavy rain falls in the rainy season. Further, the water table in the proposed site is not very deep with ground water levels of about 20-25 feet which would necessitate water requirement for the farm after suitable water source like water harvesting structure and bore-wells have been planned for installation.
Separate power arrangement exclusively for the farm will be provided by 11 KV line supply from the nearby substation to the farm which is available on the boundary of the farmland/project. Separate transformer for the farm will be installed along with three phase electricity line to meet the day-to-day power requirements of the farm. Provision for the same has been made in the project report.
There is a great demand for the products from the agricultural, horticulture and animal husbandry farm as now-a-days every produce is in short supply throughout the year. Besides there is an established vegetable market at Khandapada and Nayagarh and local traders from both the places are also interested in buying the agriculture-products. Moreover, Bhubaneswar the Capital of the state, is only 90 kms away which should enable the producer to get a fair price on her produce like milk, broiler birds, goat meat, banana & papaya.